Norwegian Vikings settled in Greenland, and they raided parts of Canada. They were surrounded by Christian countries. A reconstructed Viking Age long house, at Fyrkat, Denmark. This is when the Cimbri and the Teutons moved into southern Gaul. They made settlements in Ireland, Scotland, and England, some parts of Wales, and the Isle of Man. Both men and women wore woollen socks and leather shoes. The customs vary slightly according to how wealthy the dead individual was and where they lived, but they all revolve around the Vikings belief in an afterlife. There were no supermarkets or shops to buy food so the Vikings ate what food they could grow or hunt. Held annually, a thing was the opportunity to make, amend, and enforce laws. To move on land, the Vikings mostly used horses and carts. The Viking is the mascot for the National Football League team in Minnesota. They were most powerful in the years 790–1100 CE. Vikings travelled on vessels called Longships (sometimes called Longboats or Dragon Boats). The Vikings were good soldiers, but they were not a good army. The Vikings were famous for sailing huge distances from their home in Scandinavia between AD 800 and 1066 to raid and plunder, but they also traded with people from other countries. There was no employment, as such, during Viking times. They also were exceptional fishermen and hunted whales as well as fish. Viking burial › Viking crafts. They called Christians "Cross-men" because of the cross in their worship. In town, houses were crowded together in rows, facing narrow streets. That, or the more gods the better. One of the most curious viking facts is that viking groups didn't recognise other groups. Take a guess and check the Viking Clothing fun facts sheet to see if you are correct! The shaft of Viking axes was around a meter, but some were actually much longer, making them ideal for striking blows from a distance. Print these instructions. They did not have separate rooms. This hammer was often made into pendants that Vikings wore. Merchants traded furs, beeswax, honey, ivory, and animal skins for items such as silk, spice, wine, and glass. Vikings drank mead, water, and beer. Their northern European neighbors gave them the name of Viking, which means “ pirate .” Cite this article as: "Vikings: Facts & Information for Kids," in, https://historyforkids.org/vikings-facts-information-for-kids/, Famous Inventors and Inventions Facts for Kids. After a peace treaty with the Frankish Empire, the Vikings settled in Normandy. Historians debate as to why the Vikings began leaving Scandinavia and ransacking other regions of Europe. Viking houses consisted of one big room. The men usually hunted reindeer, lynx, lemmings, elk, and seals for meat. They became the personal bodyguards to the Emperor and were called the Varangian Guard. Other Interesting Facts & Information About The Vikings. The Vikings traveled from their homeland to raid and colonize the British Isles, Iceland, parts of Greenland, the Frankish Empire (France), parts of Italy, as well as other areas in Europe. Are you searching for an interesting story that could state some interesting and important facts about the viking longships for your kids? The great raven god Odin, otherwise known as Woden, gives us Wednesday (literally, Woden’s Day). The Vikings were called Rus' by the peoples east of the Baltic Sea. Other armies had leaders and worked cohesively as a unit. Updated: Dec 4, 2020. Some ancient Germans wore helmets with horns on them, but real Vikings did not. Artisans were able to carve combs from animal bones and antlers. The houses were often made of timber from the area in which they lived. With an abundance of Viking art activities to try, here are some Viking arts and crafts suggestions for kids to create and make use of:-Create a mini shield out of Play Doh and carefully engrave it. This is the same Thor associated with the current superhero films. The Vikings had a written language using a system of letters called runic alphabet. Vikings believed in blood-feuds. The Vikings settled in many regions. These hit and run raids were made possible because the Vikings were master boat builders and they created flat bottomed boats ideal for journeys up rivers, where many monastic sites lay, ready for plundering. The Vikings did not just have one God. But the Romans suspected they were only a part of a greater threat located further north. Some Vikings sailed across the Atlantic Ocean via Iceland and Greenland and may have explored places in North America. Wagner and his partners deliberately dressed the actors in the opera Ring des Nibelungen so they would look like ancient Germans and so the audience would feel like modern Germans came from medieval Vikings. 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