When Gustavus Adolphus landed in Sweden, he was hailed as the savior of the Protestant cause. The conflict began when Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II demanded that all his subjects – who came from many different ethnicities and backgrounds – convert to Catholicism. The ongoing war in Russia was much more serious and demanded more attention. They had another daughter, Christina, in 1626. Forums. Gustavus Adolphus book. Gustavus was the eldest of his sons from both his marriages. Der älteste Sohn des damaligen Reichsverwesers und späteren Königs Karl IX. They were joined by other Protestant states in a war that escalated over the next decade and became a struggle for European supremacy.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'historyhit_com-box-4','ezslot_3',160,'0','0'])); In 1630, Sweden – which was then a major military power – joined the Protestant cause, and its king marched his men into Germany to fight the Catholics. 6 talking about this. Gustavus Adolphus was an extremely able military commander. Gustavus Adolphus can be retired to instantly create a Bombard unit with 1 Promotion level. Gustavus Adolphus does not die at the Battle of Lutzen. Gustavus’s reign is known as one of the best periods in the history of Sweden. The biggest of them was a tussle for the throne, as it was claimed by his cousin from Poland. Historum. The history program at Gustavus Adolphus awarded 11 bachelor's degrees in 2018-2019. By the time he was 10 years old, he had become highly knowledgeable in political matters, too. Gustavus Adolphus Gustavus Adolphus Gustavus Adolphus was the King of Sweden from 1611-1632, and historically he was credited for Sweden’s rise to be a great European power, by laying the foundation for Sweden to become the modern state that it did post 30-year war. Hls mother, formerly Princess Victoria of Baden, is daughter of the reigning Grand Duke of Baden and of Louise of Prussia. Gustavus Adolphus' body in Wolgast, on transfer to Sweden, 1633. However, his father usurped the Swedish throne, which made Gustavus the heir to the throne. Also known as “The Golden King,” he is remembered as a symbol of Sweden’s pride. Using Sweden-Norway (Oscar II) gives Gustav a new unique ability. He is the inspiration for the Sabaton song Lion From the North, from the 2012 album Carolus Rex. Gustav II Adolf was the Swedish king from 1594-1632, who was responsible for bringing the Swedes into the Thirty Years' War. One of the most crucial victories during his rule was the Battle of Breitenfeld, which was fought in 1631. Gustavus Adolphus was an unusual 17th century monarch in his ability to win the support of most sections of society. Gustavus Adolphus, also known as Gustav Adolf II, or Gustavus Adolphus the Great, was the king of Sweden from 1611 to 1632.Adolphus is best known for ushering in the era of the Swedish Empire and for his innovative military tactics that won him a number of battles in the Thirty Years War and the Polish-Swedish War, earning him the nicknames "The Lion of the North" and … King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden reigned for 20 years, and many credit him with the development of Sweden as a powerful force – both militarily and politically – in 17th century Europe. He would talk to the military commanders for hours, gathering knowledge about the techniques used in warfare. He ruled as a regent for a few years and declared himself the new king in 1604. Gustavus Adolphus was born on December 9, 1594, in Stockholm, Sweden, to Duke Charles and his second wife, Christina of Holstein-Gottorp. Gustavus Adolphus, the Golden King, the Lion of the North, and the Father of Modern Warfare was a 17th-century Swedish warrior-king who basically invented the concept of the cavalry sabre charge primarily because he wanted to lead thundering hordes of rampaging cavalry blade-first into the enemy – even though the dude couldn't even wear armor into combat because his ribs … von Schweden und dessen zweiter Frau Christine von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf wurde am 9. He soon embarked on a military expedition to Denmark, but he knew that the war was a lost cause. His successful reign ended with his death during the Battle of Lutzen in 1632. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Attributed_to_Jacob_Hoefnagel_-_Gustavus_Adolphus,_King_of_Sweden_1611-1632_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg. Was Elizabeth I Really a Beacon for Tolerance? He also made use of light artillery for the first time on the European battlefield, and used combined arms formations which were often much shallower. Posted on December 20, 2015 by MSW “Lion of Midnight” (that is, of the North). He is the inspiration for the Sabaton song Lion From the North, from the 2012 album Carolus Rex. Amid the smoke and fog, Adolphus suddenly found himself alone. Das Gustavus Adolphus College in St. Peter ist eine private, nicht-profitorientierte Universität, ein Liberal-Arts-College, mit einer schwedischen und lutherischen Tradition. Back then, Sweden’s military prowess had reached its peak. Sweden entered the war fighting for the Protestants. Sie wurde 1862 durch aus Schweden stammende Einwanderer gegründet und ist mit der Evangelical Lutheran Church in America verbunden. Religion played a big role in the European royalty back then. GUSTAVUS ADOLPHUS AND HIS ARMY I. Using Sweden (Karl XII) gives Gustav a new unique unit and color scheme. His reputation was as good at the time as it is with historians today: a rare achievement. A shot shattered his arm before another hit his horse in the neck and caused it to bolt into the midst of the enemy. However, he constantly feared that Sigismund might use his influence in Europe to start a propaganda to dethrone Gustavus. When Was the First Newspaper Published in Britain? In March 1632, Gustavus Adolphus invaded Bavaria, a staunch ally of the Emperor. At sixteen he contested three wars, against the Russians, the Danes and the Poles. He popularized the use of “combined arms,” a military strategy that is used in modern warfare, too. Adolphus attacked at 11am with a thunderous cavalry charge. In November 1632, the Catholic forces were preparing to retire to Leipzig for the winter. Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden – Biography & Timeline of King of … With no mercenaries to control, he also managed to prevent his army from looting, raping and pillaging. His austere parents ensured that he was carefully nurtured to champion the cause of the Protestant Faith. His youth could have been a major weakness as the nobility could have exploited this to their advantage. A 15th century prophecy averred that a series of disasters would end only when a golden lion emerged from the … File:Gustav2AdRiddarh.jpg|thumb|300px|Gustav Adolph's sarcophagus at Riddarholmskyrkan|Riddarholm Church Gustavus Adolphus inherited three wars from his father when he ascended the throne: Against Denmark, which had attacked Sweden earlier in 1611, … Gustavus Adolphus College is a church-related, residential liberal arts college firmly rooted in its Swedish and Lutheran heritage. His father had overthrown another king who was also king of Poland so Sweden and Poland were at war for a long time. Christina succeeded her father and became the queen of Sweden. Gustavus died in the Battle of Lutzen, on November 6, 1632. He was also known for creating a revolutionary military technique that helped his military win several … His advancements in military science made Sweden the dominant Baltic power for the next one hundred years (see Swedish Empire). But Adolphus was a great statesman as well as a soldier. Adolphus attacked at 11am with a thunderous cavalry charge.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'historyhit_com-banner-1','ezslot_1',161,'0','0'])); The Protestants gained an advantage, threatening to overrun the left flank of the Protestant army, but a counterattack held them off. Sweden won the war, and other than keeping the throne, Gustavus now had control over most of Baltic’s important coasts, thus establishing Sweden as a powerful kingdom. Gustavus Adolphus married Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg. It was founded in 1862 by Swedish Americans and is affiliated with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.The college retains its Swedish and Lutheran heritage. Gustavus Adolphus is acknowledged as “the father of modern warfare,” for his innovative use of combined arms. eBook Shop: Gustavus Adolphus von John Stevens als Download. Poland was considered to be one of the major European powers that had control over the Baltic Sea, but Gustavus ended this influence and turned Sweden into one of the strongest superpowers in Europe. Gustavus Adolphus focused on improving the tactical performance of his armies, not as an end in itself, but as a means of achieving his strategic goal of making Sweden a great power. His advancements in military science made Sweden the dominant Baltic power for the next one hundred years (see Swedish Empire). Within a few years, Sweden became a strong European military and economic power. Gustavus Adolphus was an accomplished soldier and with the help of Catholic France, he freed himself from the war against Poland with the Treaty of Altmark of September 1629. Sadly, on the 6th of November 1632, in the battle of Lutzen, he was shot to death after accidentally straying away from his … He inherited the Swedish throne in 1611. However, in the process, Gustavus exhibited his prowess as a superb military commander and an able king. … Under his tutelage, Sweden and the Protestant cause developed a number of excellent commanders, such as Lennart Torstensson, who would go on to defeat Sweden’s enemies and expand the boundaries and the power of the empire long after Gustavus Adolphus… King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden reigned for 20 years, and many credit him with the development of Sweden as a powerful force – both militarily and politically – in 17th century Europe.A renowned military strategist and charismatic leader, he died at the bloody Battle of Lutzen in November 1632. Dezember 1594 im Schloss Tre Kronorgeboren. Gustavus Adolphus College is a private liberal arts college in Saint Peter, Minn., that prepares 2,200 undergraduates for lives of leadership, service, and lifelong learning. Military History. Sweden emerged unscathed. The Thirty Years’ War (1618-48) consumed Europe for much of Adolphus’ reign: it remains one of the most destructive wars in European history, resulting in around 8 million deaths. Two of his fingers were paralyzed as a result of the injury.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'historyhit_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',143,'0','0'])); At sixteen he contested three wars, against the Russians, the Danes and the Poles. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/gustavus-adolphus-of-sweden-32196.php, Top NBA Players With No Championship Rings, The Hottest Male Celebrities With The Best Abs, Famous Role Models You Would Like To Meet, Celebrities Who Are Not In The Limelight Anymore. Gustavus Adolphus was the main figure responsible for the success of Swedish arms during the Thirty Years' War and led his nation to great prestige. Since childhood the king had been studying the art of war, and he had developed principles and techniques that would change the way war was fought. Tudor Series: Part One with Anna Whitelock, 10 Facts About Heroic World War One Nurse Edith Cavell, The 7 Most Important Gods in Maya Civilization, 10 Fascinating Facts About Alexander Hamilton, 10 Facts About Viking Warrior Ivar the Boneless, 4 Key Works of Medieval English Literature, 8 Famous Pirates from the ‘Golden Age of Piracy’, 10 Key Figures in the Abolition of Slavery in the UK. Gustavus Adolphus History Bachelor’s Program. His advancements in military science made Sweden the dominant Baltic power for the next one hundred y… To do that, he had developed one of the best armies that Europe had ever seen. 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