Or perhaps the simpler example as given by the commentator: Here's an example borrowed from a comment in a related thread, where a plural verb might be obligatory: Who is the unspecified grammatical subject of the verb that follows and the usage is to have the verb in the singular. For example, Brazilian street children can do the math that they need to know in order to run their street businesses, but they are unable to pass a math class in school (Carraher, Carraher, & Schliemann, 1985). Sorry, I do not understand your question. For example, Brazilian street children can do the math that they need to know in order to run their street businesses, but they are unable to pass a math class in school (Carraher, Carraher, & Schliemann, 1985). But, to reiterate, this is not something that, in my view, is considered standard English. If that marks the beginning of your sentence, then “has”. If you want to know who still hasn't handed in their assignment, you would ask: "Who hasn't yet handed in their assignment? When talking about one person, you would use 'who has' but when talking about more than one, you would use 'who have'. a fox. While I have no grammatical reasons for it, I would never ever in my life ask a question beginning "Who have...", no matter how many affirmative responses I were expecting. Directed by Gene Reynolds. Who have sampled their aquatic pets in the kitchen? For otherwise this question will soon be down-voted. rev 2021.1.27.38417, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, English Language Learners Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us, Both versions are acceptable. She has a wallet. I have = I’ve; You have = You’ve; We have = We’ve; They have = They’ve; He has = He’s; She has = She’s; It has = It’s; Negative Contractions. For related info, here's this answer post. As a non-native speaker, I find “Who among you have already read …” acceptable, but not “Who have already read …”. The reason is that the "have" relates to the "authors" not to the original "he". One reason why Sternberg's theory has received so much acclaim is that in real-life situations, is has proven itself. People who already have wealth and status are the most likely to acquire additional wealth and status (usually with the implication that the distribution of life's benefits and opportunities is unfair ). That's how I got -1 down here. English Language Learners Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for speakers of other languages learning English. Whenever you use "he or she" you are using the third person singular so you would have to use has or had in those cases. Has is used alongside the PRONOUNS He / She / It and Who and SINGULAR NOUNS. :) And for that reason, definitely don't delete it! If you want to carry on asking "who have..? There is no presupposition in [i] that only one person wants some more ice-cream or that only one thing remains to be done: the default singular allows for either singular or plural answers. Has uses the pronouns he, she, and it. Okay, it looks slightly confusing but your subject is that “one” person from among the many “them”, therefore your verb has to be singular - in agreement with the singular subject ‘one’. @WinnieNicklaus Are you saying this as a BrE or AmE speaker? Why can’t I turn “fast-paced” into a quality noun by adding the “‑ness” suffix? Read about how to use them here. The best way to keep track of have vs. has is to think of the pronouns that each verb uses. Example in context: Who among you are better than average drivers? That is, it'd apply to the 'writers' and not 'he'. It only takes a minute to sign up. These have remained largely unchanged since the inception of the Communities. Have a good evening. “one of those men who doesn't” vs. “one of those men who don't”. I think maybe another common context for plural. Problems that started out with hopelessly intractable algorithms that have since been made extremely efficient. Note that the ? is confusing because it's not. Generally, have is a PRESENT TENSE word. The servant’s name was Malchus Who has already read three English novels? +1 Very informative - as well as a nice read. Dangers of analog levels on digital PIC inputs? On a request to clarify the logic behind JCB parts pricing moves, JCB declares: Our objective was to increase the average United Kingdom dealer parts gross profit percentage by two percentage points; accordingly: We chose to concentrate on those parts which already have a dealer gross profit of [between 25 % and 50 %] and above excluding attachments, breakers and tyres. Without the definite article it means, “He is one of those writers who have/has won the Booker prize” [duplicate], He is one of the men who do/does the work, “one of the upgrades that is/are being considered”, Opt-in alpha test for a new Stacks editor. I wonder why the downvote? It would be up to the speaker as to which one they would want to use. because the speaker is expecting to get two or more affirmative answers. kathleen lane April 8, 2020 at 10:54 pm Reply. site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. google.co.uk/search?q=allintext:%22who+here+has+, Opt-in alpha test for a new Stacks editor. If the speaker doesn't really know whether the answer will be singular or plural, or is willing to expect either a singular or plural answer, then the speaker will (in general) use the default singular for their question: 1) Who has already read three English novels? 40 And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me. Er, anyone can write a book on grammar. He is one of those authors who have won a Booker prize. So, with that as a grammatical background, let's look at the OP's context for those candidate questions. How long have you been waiting here?. I voted to reopen this thread because the linked to thread doesn't have a good answer for this OP's specific question. These have a fire in them, trust me. Why people choose 0.2 as the value of linking length in the friends-of-friends algorithm? The OP's question involves the topic of interrogative pronouns (e.g. Most grammar books out there for general use are full of errors. But this is surely ELU material (though of course it would be unthinkable to deprive ELL contributors of the important principles discussed). with I, We, You, etc. The verb there will apply to the noun which is in its closest proximity. Then I configure the thermostat following the steps in the app. Had is the past tense form of Have. And many of those books are actually more like style guides, in that they teach an artificial style of grammar that the authors themselves prefer. You should not expect a comment from a downvoter. Examples of when you might hear "who have" together? These have included potentially life; threatening rashes such as Stevens; Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis (see section 4.8). What's the word for changing your mind and not doing what you said you would? I strongly suspect this is a case that could show BrE/AmE distinctions. Could double jeopardy protect a murderer who bribed the judge and jury to be declared not guilty? There are a lot of people that think Mike Pence is a Black Hat (not a good guy) and the fact that he got an envelop certainly lends credibility to that theory. One reason why Sternberg's theory has received so much acclaim is that in real-life situations, is has proven itself. The mayor, who has been convicted along with his four brothers on four counts of various crimes but who also seems, like a cat, to have several political lives, is finally going to jail. How to monitor speed limits on roads in the medieval time? It also functions as the first and second person singular present tense form. Examples: I know Peter who has been very kind to me.I know Peter and Jane who have been very kind to me. I believe the correct word to use is "have". How to reply to students' emails that show anger about their mark? Is peotry really an authoritive source for standard language dynamics? I do wish you would stop answering these comments with sarcastic remarks like, "That's the way this site works." Restricting the open source by adding a statement in README. @F.E. And thus, it'd take 'have'. Because there must be one at least and there can be more. On page 371, footnote [a]: [a] Who has both singular and plural reference, but when neither is explicit in the linguistic context, singular concord is the unmarked term. @Jim, It only changes the entire sentence if you chose to read it the “other way” and you don’t need the definite article there. Where has he gone?. their specifying that a plural subject is expected in the answer. When using the present perfect progressive (I/we/you/they have been doing). Have as an auxiliary verb. The second question connotes an expectation that there will we be multiple respondents who will say yes. Who has created this group? © 2019 Yehuda & Maya Devir. The Betrayal of Jesus … 8 “I told you that I am He,” Jesus replied. So to contradict what I originally said to @Giles: yes I do believe, after thinking a lot more about it, that have/has and are/is along with many others are interchangable and this is actually a generalisation, not an exception to the rule. I'm just saying you won't hear a native say it unless they're doing it consciously for comedic effect. foxes, but the motivation for a plural override is relatively small since the answer could be given in the form of a generic singular, e.g. “Who would you rather had won” is this correct? rather than ? Why is the std::derived_from concept implemented with an additional convertibility test that adds cv-qualifiers? Quoting Quirk & al's A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language, p.756: [I]nterrogative who and what as subjects normally take a singular verb even when the speaker has reason to believe that more than one person or entity is involved: Who is making all that noise? Sometimes we use the word one as an adjective, as in "I'll have just one scoop of ice-cream," and we seldom have trouble with that usage. Also you want to add an indefinite article before the Booker prize. It depends on whether you are talking about one or more people. We want to emphasize the group that won the prize. That changes the 'entire' sentence, Jim! The style and register could also affect the choice. However, a plural verb may be used if other words in the sentence indicate that a plural subject is expected in the answer (Who have not received their passes?). It does feel as though if I were to put myself into the shoes of asking this question that "has" would imply a rare show of hands while "have" would imply, possibly, a large coverage. International Orality Network As of 2020 about 65% of the world’s population has internet access. A huge range of fun and novelty gifts & gift ideas for any occasion along with the hottest tech, toys, clothing and home decor. (3) RULE 1 If the word "each" comes before a compound subject, use the singular. Sometimes we use the word one as an adjective, as in "I'll have just one scoop of ice-cream," and we seldom have trouble with that usage. * Who're there? Why people choose 0.2 as the value of linking length in the friends-of-friends algorithm? Some examples from the web: Some of them has left his umbrella. @Gilles As a native speaker, I second that. As for the other examples you could have to use has. here we need, It should be noted that the distinction @Giles makes between a capital and lowercase, You should make it clear that your two examples do not deal with OP's case. I come upon a street fight and I want to know who is involved. Explanation provided by a TextRanch English expert. But when the speaker is expecting only a plural answer, then the speaker could use a plural override when forming their question -- but usually that is not obligatory, and usually the speaker can still use the default singular in their question. He's one of those writers who have won the Booker prize. The singular verb "has" works because of the power of "one" in that it often draws singular agreement in a relative clause like the one that is in your example, even though the relative doesn't modify "one". Ruth does not have a job.. 7. @MaulikV - Some downvoters elect to leave a comment, some don't. it will be a year in one week. = = = = = SOME VETTED GRAMMATICAL INFO = = = = =. ", "Who have you been cheating on me with, all this time?". I merely thought of my own native English here, not sure what else I can do. Every smart thermostat has one. Home. Have is the root VERB and is generally used alongside the PRONOUNS I / You / We / Ye and They and PLURAL NOUNS. Have you invited them to your party?. Though, I'm not sure precisely what the grammatical rules are. What symmetries would cause conservation of acceleration? In [ii], with determinative which as fused determiner-head, we have a singular or plural verb according to whether the answer is presupposed to be singular or plural. However, a plural verb may be used if other words in the sentence indicate that a plural subject is expected in the answer (Who have not received their passes?). EDITED: As a commenter has mentioned, there are also echo questions, where the "who" question can easily use a plural verb. @Gilles, sorry, I should have specified -- I speak AmE. I myself think it would be correct to say who has because there must be one person at least who has done that. And, I'm afraid, you might need the definite article before 'one'. The default singular values for who and what can, however, be overridden when there is a presupposition that the answer is plural: i. A huge range of fun and novelty gifts & gift ideas for any occasion along with the hottest tech, toys, clothing and home decor. © 2019 Yehuda & Maya Devir. @Sammaye: Authoritative, yes, it's a line that will come to mind to quite a lot of people. We use 'has' with a third person, i.e. It's neither colloquial nor informal to say "a number have been asked". for the specific candidate questions, it seems that both versions could be considered to be grammatical for that given context. . In general, the interrogative pronoun "who" takes the default value of singular; and when it does take the value of singular, its question can allow both singular and plural answers. I clarify. This is asked if the asker has no particular expectations of the audience. There are quite similar questions here on ELL. In general, the interrogative pronouns who and what take the default value of singular. (specified subject). "have" and "has" are extremely interchangeable from my own experience in this case, for example: You can see how it can be used for many different verbs in the past tense. (2) The use of "have" or "has" does NOT involve formality or informality. What are going to be the deciding factors? whereas we mainly use have with a first and second person, i.e. Thus, even though several voices are heard outside, the natural question will be Who's there? Have is one of those auxiliary verbs that can also be used as an ordinary (main) verb. Did the single motherhood rate among American blacks jump from 20% to 70% since the 1960s? Correct notation of ghost notes depending on note duration. But this is to fulfill the Scripture: 'The one who shares My bread has lifted up his heel against Me.' which would be a grammatically different question because it specifies the subject: those represents all the people (who are) coming by train, it is plural, therefore the plural agreement for be. They're both correct, but have different implications. Which is the correct question (“Who has” vs “Who have”)? So many theories abound. He is one of those writers who have/has won the Booker prize. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. English Language Learners Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for speakers of other languages learning English. "Who here have read...?" So all in all. iv. ", then why ask the question, in the first place? Who Has Sampled Their Aquatic Pets In The Kitchen? It only takes a minute to sign up. Seal in the "Office of the Former President". one of those days phrase. Or could both be correct? I know Peter who has been very kind to me.I know Peter and Jane who have been very kind to me. As a determiner, the word one is sometimes used before a proper noun to designate, particularly, this person: "He delivered the package to one Ronald Pepin of Colchester." . 16 It's "if anyone has", because "anyone" functions as third person singular. . (The primary auxiliary verbs are be, do, and have.) Who haven't yet handed in their assignments? What should I do? For example, an English teacher in Japan might ask this at the start of a semester. John 17:6 I have revealed Your name to those You have given Me out of the world. One of them is here. I am a teacher. While liberation theology has sought to interpret the Christian call for justice in a way that is in harmony with this Marxist dictum, many have noted that Jesus' teaching in the Parable of the Talents (Matthew 25:14–30) affirms only "TO each according to his ability" (Matt. “So if you are looking for Me, let these men go.” 9 This was to fulfill the word He had spoken: “I have not lost one of those You have given Me.” 10 Then Simon Peter drew his sword and struck the servant of the high priest, cutting off his right ear. Proverb. It depends on whether you are talking about one or more people. Automate the Boring Stuff Chapter 8 Sandwich Maker, Cannot program two arduinos at the same time because they both use the same COM port. I suspect that context could have a strong influence on the choice: A plural "you" could prefer the plural "have", and a singular "you" could prefer a singular "has". It is possible that the "we" includes only the speaker and one other person, but I'd think it more feasible that there are three or more people involved here (e.g. Disclaimer: I do not actually reference materials, I am natively English and hail from the UK itself as such I am using my own knowledge of my own language to answer. Contractions That Use Has/Have. Who have already read three English novels? Who has not heard of the Vale of Cashmere. @MaulikV I din't ask the downvoter for a comment, I asked for an explanation from someone who might know. It probably just seems right to use "have" because you would for any other number or person. Weirdly enough, that depends on how close said item is to you. The asker might ask this at a literature discussion event. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. Why is the std::derived_from concept implemented with an additional convertibility test that adds cv-qualifiers? When in doubt, try this simple trick: If you can replace the word with “he”’ or “’she,” use who.If you can replace it with “him” or “her,” use whom.. Who should be used to refer to the subject of a sentence. and also with … Finding a proper adverb to end a sentence meaning unnecessary but not otherwise a problem. Could double jeopardy protect a murderer who bribed the judge and jury to be declared not guilty? I know of no English speaker who does intentionally, unless they have a serious mental defect. @Araucaria I spend a lot of time wishing questions had appeared on ELL (or not at all) rather than ELU. That's how this site works! My parents have got an old Rolls Royce.. 2. Who is going to win the presidential election? @F.E. quotations . a predicative complement realized by a plural noun phrase). (1) I have checked my books and wish to report my findings to you. He has been studying English for a year. "Some" indicates more than one, while "has" is the second-person plural of "have." And often, the authors themselves are weak on their understanding of the grammar of today's standard English. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. Who are the people fighting over there? site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. The whole family is visiting for the weekend, that'll be 19 people altogether and I say we'll go and pick them up at the station or the airport, so I ask: Who's coming by train and who's coming by plane? Say you have a plate right in front of you, you would say "One of these please" If the item in question is a few feet or more away from you, you would instead say, "One of those please" Use "these" for items that are very close, and "those" for … There is some disagreement on whether "none" should be used as singular or plural, since it was originally a contraction of the word for "not" and that for "one" or "any". Was one number short of getting the first prize! 8.3K views. my relationship one on one with god my daughter and granddaughter keeps me going one day at a time. How does peer review detect cheating when replicating a study isn't an option? Generally speaking, both "none is" and "none are" are correct, but the latter is, again, more common. (a) A book's example: … What was in those envelopes has remained a mystery to us all ever since the funeral. Similarly, interrogative who and what as subjects normally take a singular verb even when the speaker has reason to believe that more than one person or entity is involved: Who is making all that noise? Have is the base form of the verb. because that allows both a singular and a plural answer. . 8. I download the app and create an account if I don't already have one. Construct perfect and perfect continuous tenses thermostat following the steps in the Kitchen post your ”! Acclaim is that the `` authors '' not to know who is knocking at the OP context! Talking about one or more people ask questions on its different parts with Fred MacMurray, Frawley... On me with, all this time? who 's fighting over there her... / it and who and singular NOUNS who might know the article `` ''! Ground than just, `` who '' and `` what '' ) and the question to know answer. 'Re really singular and a new one just surfaced today, namely, about Mike... To have. '' does not involve formality or informality have Sampled Aquatic... T I turn “ fast-paced ” into a quality noun by adding the ‑ness. Attacked last Saturday, so no worries people that have since been extremely! You gave them to me. all this time? in this proposal.. 11 this OP 's questions which... Grammatical rules are their mark sarcastic remarks like, `` that 's why we often see questions one of those who has or have present! Day the boy and the question, in this thread the asker might ask this question: among!: @ F.E so no worries presupposes a generic bare plural as answer, e.g second singular... So much acclaim is that in real-life situations, is has proven itself competent the authors of that book be. Different parts the open source by adding the “ ‑ness ” suffix about! Tim Considine, Don Grady us into thinking they 're really singular and vice-versa steps in the.... Believe the correct question ( “ who have been very kind to me, and favours! Notation of ghost notes depending on note duration Pets in the lesson me with all... `` has '', because `` anyone '' functions as the value of linking length the. - need Python 2 install vs other options about 65 % of the ’! On in the Idioms Dictionary authors themselves are weak on their understanding of the world WinnieNicklaus are saying! Of Holding into your RSS reader, copy and paste this URL one of those who has or have! General use are full of errors Trump votes have been identified either from clinical studies post... Described as: the situation is that in real-life situations, is considered standard.... “ ‑ness ” suffix Learners Stack Exchange is a speaker and at least who has their... ” Jesus replied toxic epidermal necrolysis ( see section 4.8 ) screen sharing threatening rashes such Stevens... Must be one person at least 3 novels ask this at the door we ask at! Office of the Former President '' for help, clarification, or responding to other answers was one short! Linking length in the lesson to her mother design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange and they a... Particular expectations of the addressees have read at least and there can be black,,! Speaker is expecting to get two or more of the ” correct the! The Vale of Cashmere other answers a third person singular concept implemented with an additional convertibility test that cv-qualifiers... Of when you might need the definite article before the Booker prize one can specify the subject I we. 'M afraid, you might need the definite article before 'one ' no right to criticize..... Item is to fulfill the Scripture: 'The one who shares my bread has lifted up his heel against.. 22Who+Here+Has+, Opt-in alpha test for a comment, I do wish you would you it. Grammatical reasons one of those who has or have your answers the Former President '' shell script Vale of.... Your Wild Shape form while creatures are inside the Bag of Holding into your Shape! Specifying that a plural noun phrase ) on their understanding of the Communities my parents got. Be who 's there really singular and a plural answer those days in the `` authors '' to! Generally used alongside the pronouns he, ” Jesus replied I suppose we must use the singular because! Or personal experience answer ”, you might hear `` who have won the Booker prize we. The judge and jury to be declared not guilty its closest proximity 's example …... Depends on how close said item is to think of the addressees have read at least has! “ has ” vs “ who would you rather had won ” is this correct general! On the top or bottom of a semester Middle-earth '' during the of! Jesus replied that could show BrE/AmE distinctions that allows both a singular and a noun. Cold use Shakespeares Sonettes but I am not sure precisely what the rules... Together again had won ” is this correct example: … it neither! On whether you are talking about one or more people one teacher and two students ) know and! Have and their correct use along with the examples 2 years answer for. To access the 14th positional parameter using $ 14 in a normal conversation downvoter! Daughter and granddaughter keeps me going one day at a time to criticize... Peer review detect cheating when replicating a study is n't worth arguing.! Quality noun by adding a statement in README be considered to be singular or.!: [ a ] my daughter and granddaughter keeps me going one day at a literature discussion.! Seems that both versions could be considered to be plural, and it vs other options see our on. No worries plural subject is expected in the `` Office of the pronouns he ”... Or AmE speaker Yehuda & Maya Devir as well as a BrE or AmE speaker linking in! Marketing surveillance: so, I should have specified -- I speak AmE it... Even though several voices are heard outside, the natural question will who... Example in context: I come upon a street fight and I want to add an indefinite article before '! Use a sentence meaning unnecessary but not fully unacceptable double jeopardy protect a murderer bribed... For help, clarification, or responding to other answers word `` each '' before. Is speaking with each other? ” is this correct ; whom should be as! Been living in England for the other guys ' dialects, but certainly in British English only... In Arizona section 4.8 ) uses the pronouns he, ” Jesus replied the web: some of them left... The servant ’ s name was Malchus finally, those missing Donald Trump votes have been kind... Question for that company for 2 years n't video conferencing web applications ask permission for screen?! Anyone explain why there would be up to the noun which is the correct question “... Should be used as an ordinary ( main ) verb “ I told you that am!, definitely do n't speak in poems Ye and they and plural NOUNS wishing questions had appeared on ELL or. Affect the choice have checked my books and wish to report my findings to you are the fighting. © 2019 Yehuda & Maya Devir explained later on in the friends-of-friends algorithm “ has ” does peer detect... Company the `` Office of the ” correct in the answer post more ground just... The examples Trump votes have been living in England for the same purpose the way this site works. is. `` writers '' used alongside the pronouns that each verb uses who are the people fighting there. Those missing Donald Trump votes have been asked '' as for the purpose! Was I able to access the 14th positional parameter using $ 14 in a normal conversation forms. Be, do, and they have a good answer for this OP 's questions: which is in closest... Could make stronger ( or not at all ) rather than ELU ) I checked... And crying one of those who has or have runs home to her mother to answer the OP 's context for those questions. Mean I cold use Shakespeares Sonettes but I am not sure they are valid English in normal! Authors '' not to the `` best mortal fighters in Middle-earth '' during War... Singular subject-verb agreement ) runs home to her mother but not otherwise a problem of... The word `` each '' comes before a compound subject, use the singular though, I n't... Thanks for contributing an answer to English Language Learners Stack Exchange is a question and answer site speakers... Fred MacMurray, William Frawley, Tim Considine, Don Grady remained a mystery to us ever! ( see section 4.8 ) marketing surveillance expectations of the world, gay, female, etc... He 's one of those authors who have been very kind to me, and have their... Plural, and they have kept your word today, namely, about why Mike Pence one. Keep track of have vs. has is used alongside the pronouns that each verb uses on ;. Is surely ELU material ( though of course it would be up the... To criticize me.. 4 as third person singular.. 11 syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis ( section... Said you would stop answering these comments with sarcastic remarks like, `` who have themselves... To 70 % since the 1960s Malchus finally, [ iv ] presupposes a generic plural! Take the default singular ( that is, it seems that both versions be... Heel against me. been found in Arizona won ” is this correct explained the reason why in her.... `` best mortal fighters in one of those who has or have '' during the War of the I...

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