Para la clase de arte, necesito ______________________________________________________. Are shoes inherently masculine? Necesito unos lápices de color para la clase de arte. Mi padre es trabajador. After 30 seconds, Agent X will tell Agents Y and Z what items were witnessed earlier, using “Hay”, current vocabulary words and their corresponding indefinite articles. La computadora, la corbata, la cámara, la manzana, la mesa, Nouns that end in –ión (the English equivalent is “tion), La solución, la situación, la comunicación, la complicación, Nouns that end in –ad (the English equivalent is “ty”), La comunidad, la universidad, la libertad, la humanidad. The feminine forms are used if the referent is known to be female or a group of females. What is the feminine form of El señor? ____ bolígrafo ____________________________, ____ calculadora__________________________, ____ computadora_________________________, ____ cuaderno____________________________, ____ diccionario__________________________, ____ lápiz_______________________________, ____ libro________________________________, ____ marcador____________________________, ____ destacador___________________________, ____ pupitre______________________________, ____ mochila_____________________________, ____ papel_______________________________, ____ pizarra______________________________, ____ reloj________________________________, ____ silla________________________________, ____ celular______________________________, ____ clase_______________________________, ____ edificio_____________________________, ____ cafetería____________________________, ____ librería _____________________________, ____ biblioteca___________________________, ____ gimnasio____________________________, ____ centro estudiantil______________________. Some nouns ending in -or are masculine: el amor, el motor, el profesor. el profesor, la profesora el doctor, la doctora el señor, la señora. The noun profesor is like most Spanish nouns with a human referent. Derived terms a trainer or instructor. Masculine nouns that end in consonants (non-vowels) have a corresponding feminine form that ends in “a” Examples: el profesor → the male professor la profesora → the female professor To make the word feminine you simply add the feminine “a” touch. Para la clase de computación, necesito ______________________________________________. (f) means that a noun is feminine. ra, masculine. (m) means that a noun is masculine. On the other hand, when a masculine noun ends in consonant (non-vowels) it forms its corresponding feminine form by adding a final -a. Here are a few examples of basic interactions that have to do with professions and jobs. There are two genders (géneros) in Spanish language: masculine and feminine (masculino y femenino). If you wanted the answer to the question is mapa masculine of feminine, you now have it. Use indefinite articles or numbers with hay (un/una/unos/unas). de escuela teacher ; de universidad professor ; profesor agregado or auxiliar assistant professor ; profesor suplente When you learn a new word, therefore, you should try … First, determine who will be Agent X and who will be Agent Y. = my dad is hardworking. 3. ... El profesor de mi clase de italiano es muy difícil de entender. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. A crash course in noun gender... Spanish is very kind in that it's usually easy to work out whether a noun is masculine or feminine. In Spanish, all nouns have grammatical “gender.” Nouns may be “masculine” or “feminine,” but unless it is a living, breathing creature, grammatical gender is totally arbitrary. When we refer to “number,” we are talking about whether the noun is singular or plural. In this next list, we have some common office professions. How to say professor in Spanish - Translation of professor to Spanish by Nglish, comprehensive English – Spanish Dictionary, Translation and English learning by Britannica. El espionaje. Is a table inherently feminine? Check out our post on, Giving and Asking for Personal Information in Spanish, Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns in Spanish. 1. Giving and Asking for Personal Information, When we want to know what someone does we ask, (What do you do?) For individuals who identify as male or female, always use the grammatical gender that corresponds to a person’s identity. Rule #4. Feminine. la profesora. You use "el" with agua not because it's masculine (it's feminine) but because it starts with a stressed vowel. El señor, el hombre, el chico, el estudiante, el perro, el gato. If the sex of a pet or animal is unknown, the masculine form is typically used. feminine. We’ve also shown you some simple exchanges to share your profession and ask others about theirs. What is the masculine form of la doctora? The masculine forms are used when the referent is known to be male, a group of males, a group of mixed or unknown gender, or an individual of unknown or unspecified gender. What is there? Before feminine plural nouns → use unas. Masculine … There is a movement to use terms such as Latinx, although the “x” is not currently used in sentence structure and is not yet widely used outside of the United States. For me the trickiest thing about learning Spanish is using the Spanish masculine and feminine correctly. The noun profesor is like most Spanish nouns with a human referent. In the case of such nouns * there are plenty of them in the Spanish language* , the 'a' will indicate a feminine … The Nouns or group is nonspecific. Mis padres son __________________________. El salón becomes _________________________________. Nanny and the Professor - 1970 The Masculine-Feminine Mystique - 2.8 was released on: USA: 13 November 1970. There are two genders (géneros) in Spanish language: masculine and feminine (masculino y femenino). If a job title finishes with the letter “e”, it is the same for a man and for a woman: estudiante: student estudiante de español: Spanish student. The feminine forms are used if the referent is known to be female or a group of females. Before feminine plural nouns → use unas. What is the masculine form of la doctora? What is the feminine form of El señor? You have been recruited by an international security agency, and are taking part in an initial assessment to test your ability to recall information. La señora. To determine whether you will be admitted to their training program, you have been paired with another future agent for this test. If a word referring to a person ends in –dor, or a nationality that ends in a consonant, add -a, -es, or -as depending on the Gender/Number of the person or people. Have questions or comments? Examples: el gato … Most professions, jobs, and occupations in Spanish have both a masculine and a feminine form, like “profesor” and “profesora” (teacher), but some of them have only one form, like “estudiante” (student) and “artista” (artista), which we use for both women and men. La profesora. Para la clase de geografía, necesito_________________________________________________. In spanish, all words are either _____ or _____ ... What is the feminine form of El professor? In Spanish, there is a “the” for each Gender/Number combination: El - el profesor (Masculine & Singular) La - la profesora (Feminine & Singular) Los - los animales (Masculine & Plural) Las - las manzanas (Feminine & Plural) One important way is what is referred to as grammatical gender. We’ve also shown you some simple exchanges to share your profession and ask others about theirs. feminine. If a word has an accent on the final syllable, the accent goes away when pluralized. OK, here we go again. El doctor. In Spanish, there is a “the” for each Gender/Number combination: Indefinite articles are used when you do not have a specific item in mind. de escuela teacher ; de universidad professor ; profesor agregado or auxiliar assistant professor ; profesor suplente Before masculine plural nouns → use unos. Before putting this new vocabulary to use, let’s look at how to make words plural in Spanish. ¿Qué hay en un salón de clase típico? = Penelope Cruz is Spanish. : un, una, unos unas, el, los, la, las) agree with the nouns they precede in several ways. The feminine forms are used if the referent is known to be female or a group of females. Masculine ‘the’ forms Singular - el Plural - los Feminine ‘the’ forms Singular - la Plural - las. The masculine may be used here as a short form of un coche Toyota, as coche, the word for "car," is masculine. Most professions, jobs, and occupations in Spanish have both a masculine and a feminine form, like “profesor” and “profesora” (teacher), but some of them have only one form, like “estudiante” (student) and “artista” (artista), which we use for both women and men. In particular, masculine nouns terminating in -o change the final vowel into -a. > Other Spanish exercises on the same topics: Beginners | Gender [Change theme] > Similar tests: - Gender of the words - Gender - Gender of the words - Gender : adjectives - Gender : From masculine to feminine - Masculine > feminine - Choose the correct article - Masculine/Feminine > Double-click on words you don't understand When speaking about living creatures, nouns that end in “o” are masculine. Many occupations names in Spanish are similar to those of English because they both come from Latin. In Spanish, there is an indefinite article or each Gender/Number combination. (United States) a. el profesor. El lápiz becomes ________________________________. Noun Gender: Masculine and Feminine. Para la clase de historia, necesito___________________________________________________. Some nouns that refer to people use the same form for both masculine and feminine. ra, masculine. HOME » VOCABULARY » Jobs and Professions in Spanish. See also. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol). Do not use definite articles. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons . But when in doubt, default to the masculine to avoid any possibility of getting burned by Duolingo strings. You cannot change them to “isto” for a man: electricista: electrician Using the expression hay (meaning there is or there are) and our school-related vocabulary, answer the following questions. The English equivalent is “a” for singular nouns and “some” for plural nouns. El programa, el poema (also el poeta), el idioma, etc. (M) , la profesora. Next, some jobs people have in the restaurant industry. The masculine forms are used when the referent is known to be male, a group of males, a group of mixed or unknown gender, or an individual of unknown or unspecified gender. GENDER IS ARBITRARY. Default to the masculine, although both should be accepted. Spanish, as a highly gendered language, has not yet adapted systematically to account for non-binary identities. Penélope Cruz es ________________________. In case of a group of three, determine who will be Agent Z. In spanish, all words are either _____ or _____ ... What is the feminine form of El professor? 1.6: Definite and indefinite articles (Gender and number), [ "article:topic", "license:ccbyncsa", "showtoc:no", "authorname:ehuebener" ], https://human.libretexts.org/@app/auth/3/login?returnto=https%3A%2F%2Fhuman.libretexts.org%2FBookshelves%2FLanguages%2FSpanish%2FLibro_Libre_-_Beginning_Spanish_(Huebener)%2F01%253A_Capitulo_1%2F1.06%253A_Definite_and_indefinite_articles_(Gender_and_number). Listen again, and as I say each word respond by saying out loud either “masculine” or “feminine.” As I say the words, think about which one is masculine, and which one is feminine. If Agent X was able to accurately communicate all of the items with their corresponding indefinite article and if Agents Y and Z were able to understand and make note of what they were told by Agent X, all of the agents are still in the running to be admitted to the program. The noun profesor is like most Spanish nouns with a human referent. El mapa is masculine is Spanish. his voice/acting coach instructor vocal / profesor de interpretación. Legal. teacher translate: maestro, -a, profesor, -ora, profesor/ora [masculine-feminine, singular]. Remember, repeat the words after me in Spanish, and just be aware of whether the word is masculine or feminine. *People who know that their pet is female will use the feminine form. Listen now as I say a few word pairs that fall into this category. ¿Qué necesitas para las clases? In Spanish, there is a “the” for each Gender/Number combination: El - el profesor (Masculine & Singular) La - la profesora (Feminine & Singular) Los - los animales (Masculine & Plural) Las - las manzanas (Feminine & Plural) Some nouns that refer to _____ use the same form for both masculine and feminine. However, in the rest of this article you will discover a little more about el mapa - the whys and the wherefores. Agents Y and Z will write down what Agent X tells them on their “Reportaje”. There are multiple ways to say teacher in french. la doctora. The words that correspond to a, the and some in English (i.e. If one male is present, the group will become masculine. 5. *We see more exceptions than usual with this group, but odds are that it will be masculine. professor translate: catedrático, -a, profesor, -ora, profesor/ora [masculine-feminine, singular], catedrático/ca…. profesor/+a: teacher escritor/+a: writer. The indefinite article (un or una) is not typically used when referring to someone's occupation. All Spanish nouns are either masculine or feminine. The words that correspond to a, the and some in English (i.e. They most common is by saying professor. la señora. ... SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. You cannot change them to “isto” for a man: electricista: electrician Key Points to Remember: Words ending in 'o' are most often Masculine. The masculine forms are used when the referent is known to be male, a group of males, a group of mixed or unknown gender, or an individual of unknown or unspecified gender. Some nouns that refer to _____ use the same form for both masculine and feminine. Groups are only feminine when every member of the group is female. Masculine and Feminine Spanish: 3 Details That Are Often Overlooked To get a better sense of these concepts and much more, look for examples of them on FluentU . Mi madre es ____________________________. and we answer using the verb, we don’t add an article when we say what we or someone else does, Police officer / Police man, Police woman, In this post, you’ve learned a handful of professions and jobs in different fields, such as education, medical, law, arts, trades, and more. el señor. The use of –e endings instead of –o or –a endings on gendered nouns, articles, and adjectives has also emerged from Spanish-speaking communities. You do not use an indefinite article in Spanish with the words otro, cierto, cien, mil, sin, and qué. Check out our post on Giving and Asking for Personal Information or learn more about other ways to use the Verb “Ser”. With that said, non-binary pronouns such as elle are newly emergent and may not be widely used or understood. If a job title finishes with the letter “e”, it is the same for a man and for a woman: estudiante: student estudiante de español: Spanish student. One important way is what is referred to as grammatical gender. Regionalism used in the United States. Start studying SPANISH 1 test 1. El libro, el vestido, el escritorio, el plato, Nouns that end in –ma and –pa AND are cognates**, El problema, el sistema, el programa, el fantasma, el mapa. = Antonio Banderas is Spanish. You do not use an indefinite article in Spanish for saying what someone’s job is. Note that "el agua" is a different matter all together. Let’s practice with some simple exchanges about what we do. la Alcatraz (the word for "prison," prisión, is feminine) Grammatical gender in Spanish involves the classification of Spanish nouns to form agreement in grammatical gender with Spanish determiners and Spanish adjectives.All Spanish nouns have a lexical gender of either masculine or feminine, and most nouns referring to male humans are grammatically masculine, while most referring to females are feminine. El libro becomes _____________________________, La manzana becomes __________________________, Un pupitre becomes ___________________________, Una mesa becomes ____________________________, El reloj becomes_______________________________, Un marcador becomes __________________________, La universidad becomes_________________________, Una comunidad becomes ________________________. Before feminine singular nouns starting with stressed a or ha → use un. Words of Greek origin ending in -ma are MASCULINE. 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