This model is designed and tested at 1/1800th scale, but up-scaling and down-scaling are possible. The arrival of the Dunkerque-class fast battleships for the French Navy in the 1930s prompted the Italians to counter with their Littorio-class, a group of four warships that marked the last battleships to be completed for the Italian Navy. The Italians promised to provide all necessary technical and material support for the construction of the ships. Littorio underwent the same pattern of machinery trials prior to completion;[35] she was delivered to the fleet on 6 May 1940. [21] Italia was then stationed in the Great Bitter Lake in Egypt until the end of the war, she was dismantled at La Spezia 1951-54.. Littorio participated in 46 war missions, nine of which were enemy hunting and three were as an escort. Littorio was then renamed Italia. Vittorio Veneto took part in the Battle of Cape Spartivento (known as Battle of Cape Teulada to the Italians) on 27 November 1940. [19], The ships' secondary battery consisted of twelve 152 mm (6.0 in) L/55 Ansaldo Model 1934 guns in four triple turrets. [13] The 90 mm guns provided long-range anti-aircraft protection, and were mounted in quadriaxially stabilized single turrets. Aircraft facilities were located on the quarterdeck, where it was initially planned to base six La Cierva autogyros. The Littorio class, also known as the Vittorio Veneto class, was a class of battleship of the Regia Marina, the Italian navy. The Italians refused to disclose the details of the Pugliese system. (1985). On 9 September 1943 – the day following the announcement of the Italian armistice – the Italian fleet was attacked by German bombers. [12], The ships of the class varied slightly in dimensions. While escorting a convoy to North Africa, Vittorio Veneto was torpedoed by the British submarine HMS Urge; repairs lasted until Spring, 1942. [20][Note 2] Their ammunition load was 495 AP shells and 171 SAP shells, with 4,320 propellant charges (666 rounds total, or 74 rounds per gun split 55 AP & 19 SAP). 41. Two more had been started in 1938, but only one of them, Roma, was completed before the Italian Armistice in This had mixed results. Join us … All four ships had a draft of 9.6 m (31 ft) and a beam of 32.82 m (107.7 ft). 2 main battery turret and two on either side of the rear turret. Littorio, Garibaldi Class, Ships - Barrel Set RB Model 1:350 350L29 + The riveted joint that connected the interior torpedo bulkhead to the bottom of the hull was not strong enough to sustain the tremendous shear loadings associated with direct contact explosions. After 1930, the Italian Navy abandoned the smaller designs altogether. The engines were rated at 128,200 shaft horsepower (95,600 kW) and a top speed of 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph). After which she was sent to hunt the British and Free French Mediterranean fleets. Significant flooding caused the ship to settle by the bow. Work was not resumed. The Italian Navy wanted to protect the Littorio class battleships from 380mm (15″) shells , the most common calibre they would likely face in the Mediterranean. The class was composed of four ships—Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero—but only the first three ships of the class were completed. RN Roma Wooden deck set 1943 Trumpeter Pontos Model 1:350 35023WD1 + Actions Stash. She was then attacked by torpedo bombers from HMS Formidable; the first wave failed, but the second scored a single hit each on both Vittorio Veneto and the heavy cruiser Pola. [30], The main battery turrets were protected by 380 mm (15 in) cemented armor faces, 200 mm (7.9 in) forward sides and roof, 130 mm (5.1 in) rear sides, 150 mm (5.9 in) rear roof, and 350 mm (14 in) rear. On 22 March, she participated in the Second Battle of Sirte, as the flagship for an Italian force attempting to destroy a British convoy bound for Malta. [44][Note 4] This resulted in the Battle of Cape Matapan the following day, during which Vittorio Veneto engaged British cruisers. During the engagement, one of her Ro.43 reconnaissance planes was shot down by a Skua fighter. Roma was built by the CRDA shipyard, starting on 18 September 1938. February 20, 2021 [19] A similar outcome resulted from the movement against British Operation "MB.5" on 29 September - 1 October.[20]. An evolution of the original larger design proposals for the Littorio class armed with 16 inch guns (M1936/39), which were still being updated after the Littorios' launch as a potential follow-up with improved AA, torpedo protection and machinery as response to future British and French battleship plans. This formed a void which housed an empty drum 3,800 mm (150 in) wide with 6 mm (0.24 in) thick walls; the rest of the void was filled with liquid. Over the magazines, the main armor deck was 150 mm (5.9 in) homogeneous armor laminated on a 12 mm (0.47 in) deck plating inboard and 100 mm (3.9 in) on 12 mm plating outboard. [14] Changes to the design and a lack of armor plating led to delays in the building schedule, causing a three-month slip in the launch date from the original plan of May 1937. [43] Germany pressured the Italian Navy to begin the operation, under the impression that they had disabled two of the three battleships assigned to the British Mediterranean Fleet. Roma — Italian premium Tier VIII battleship.. A Littorio-class battleship.She carried powerful main battery guns for a ship of her size, was protected by reliable side armor, and had good torpedo protection. They remained at the Great Bitter Lake in the Suez Canal for the rest of the war. Three months later, on 15 June, Littorio participated in the interception of the Vigorous convoy to Malta. The British follow-up convoy was much better defended and when the Italian fleet sortied on the 27 November to intercept it they were met with a covering force including two British battleships an… The uppermost level was protected by 255 mm (10.0 in) on the front and sides and 175 mm (6.9 in) rear, all mounted on 25 mm (0.98 in) plating. Repairs lasted until July. International Naval Research Organization, Italian naval ship classes of World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Littorio-class_battleship&oldid=1007694593, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 4,580 nautical miles (8,480 km) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph), Standard: 40,724 t (40,081 long tons; 44,891 short tons), Full load: 45,236 t (44,522 long tons; 49,864 short tons), This page was last edited on 19 February 2021, at 12:58. [6], The Italian Navy decided that the smaller design was impractical, and that a larger design should be pursued. On 26 September, the two battleships attempted to intercept the Operation Halberd convoy, but they broke off the operation without attacking the convoy. Due to fuel shortages, she was moved to La Spezia, Italy. [40], Repairs to Vittorio Veneto were completed in time for her to join Littorio on attacks on the convoys Vigorous and Harpoon, which had departed Alexandria and Gibraltar to reinforce Malta simultaneously in mid-June. Franco concluded several agreements with the Italian government that would have seen the building of four Littorio-class battleships in Spain. The class's design was considered by the Spanish Navy, but the outbreak of World War II interrupted construction plans. [28], The main belt armor of this class was designed and tested to resist 381 mm armor-piercing shells at ranges down to 16,000 m (17,000 yd), which was considered the inner edge of optimal combat range. By October of 1934, Italy had not constructed any new battleships in decades. [14], Littorio and Vittorio Veneto had a standard crew of 80 officers and 1,750 enlisted men; while serving as a flagship, the crew was increased by a command staff of between 11 and 31 additional officers. [26] The ships' anti-aircraft armament was composed of a powerful battery of twelve 90 mm (3.5 in) L/50 guns closely arranged amidships, twenty 37 mm (1.5 in) L/54 guns, and sixteen 20 mm (0.79 in) L/65 guns. The bow was protected by a 130 mm (5.1 in) belt that extends 35 m (115 ft) ahead of the main belt before terminating in a 60 mm (2.4 in) transverse bulkhead. Italia was scrapped at La Spezia 1952-54. They could elevate to 45 degrees, permitting a maximum range of 25,740 m (28,150 yd). While en route, German bombers laden with Fritz-X radio-guided bombs attacked the formation. Instead, a single catapult was fitted. 41 design as the basis for the Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleships they laid down in the late 1930s. [40] Littorio was hit by three bombs on 19 June, a week after her sister was damaged. While en route to Malta, German bombers attacked the fleet with Fritz X radio-guided bombs, damaging Italia and sinking Roma. Italian ship BB LIttorio on November 12, 1940, after Taranto attack (P00090.091).jpg 1,567 × 864; 110 KB Littorio-11-November-1940.svg 4,000 × 1,700; 130 KB Vittorio Veneto and Littorio during WW2.jpg 945 × 584; 59 KB [14] Figures for Roma's speed trials have not been recorded. The convoy was transporting supplies to the island of Malta. Two were placed abreast the No. [55], Dreadnought battleship class of the Italian Royal Navy, This corresponded to 1.33 rounds per minute. [42], On 26 March 1941, Vittorio Veneto departed port to attack British convoys to Greece. All info is based off of Littorio Wikipedia. A 36 mm (1.4 in) homogeneous armor plate was placed 1.4 m (4.6 ft) behind the belt, followed 4 m (13 ft) behind by another 24 mm (0.94 in) plate sloped 26º in the opposite direction. The ship was laid down in October 1934, launched in July 1937 and commissioned in April 1940. The system was designed to protect the ship from torpedo warheads up to 350 kg (770 lb). She was named after the Lictor ("Littorio" in Italian), in ancient times the bearer of the Roman fasces, which was adopted as the symbol of Italian Fascism. During this time, Littorio's bow was modified to lessen vibration and reduce wetness over the bow. [35] On the night of 8–9 January 1941, the Royal Air Force attacked Naples with heavy bombers, but failed to hit the ship. Littorio and her sister Vittorio Veneto were built in response to the French battleships Dunkerque and Strasbourg. In late 1932, Italian constructors responded with a design similar to the Deutschland class, but armed with six 343 mm (13.5 in) guns in triple turrets on a 18,000 long tons (18,000 t) displacement. The Littorio class, also known as the Vittorio Veneto class,[Note 1] was a class of battleship of the Regia Marina, the Italian navy. [18] Although speed tests at overloaded power levels were not performed, it was determined that the ship had a theoretical top speed of 32.2 kn (37.1 mph; 59.6 km/h). It is a fast battleship, agile and forceful by the bow 9 x 341 mm From 1934 to 1942, the Italian Navy (the Regia Marina) funded construction of a four-strong class of new battleship known as the Littorio-class consisting of Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero. [14], The system did not perform as effectively as expected, however. Italia left Great Bitter Lake on 5 February 1947, to join her sister in Augusta. Combat was limited to the opposing light forces, and Littorio and Vittorio Veneto did not see action; the British nevertheless broke off Operation Vigorous due to the battleships' presence and heavy air attacks. In September 1943, Italy capitulated and signed an Armistice with the Allies. [52], In the early 1930s, the Soviet Navy began a naval construction program, and sought advice from foreign shipbuilders for a new class of battleships. They were developed in response to the French Dunkerque-class battleships, and were armed with 381-millimeter (15.0 in) guns and had a top speed of 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph). The torpedo bulkhead would prevent any splinters or explosive effects from entering the ships' vitals. The standard crew for Roma and Impero was increased by 100 enlisted men. However, the ship did not have good AA capabilities to efficiently counteract airstrikes. Littorio was a Littorio-class battleship that served in the Regia Marina during World War II. She was part of the 1938 Naval Expansion Program with Roma. This is an injection-plastic ship model kit. On 21 March, Littorio sortied to attack a British convoy, which led to the Second Battle of Sirte. Launch of the Battleship RN Impero in November 1939. During the steaming to the Allied port of Malta, the Italian fleet was attacked by German Dornier Do 217s armed with Fritz X radio-controlled bombs. During the resulting Battle of Cape Spartivento, Swordfish torpedo bombers from the carrier HMS Ark Royal attacked Vittorio Veneto, though she evaded the torpedoes. [7] During full speed trials, she reached an average speed of 31.293 kn (36.011 mph; 57.955 km/h) on a displacement of 41,782 t (41,122 long tons). On 30 July 1943, after the fall of Benito Mussolini, Littorio was renamed Italia. [17] However, this was reduced to 850 m/s (2,789 ft/s) in order to reduce dispersion and increase barrel service life. [14] Below the third deck, neither the primary nor secondary barbettes were protected by armor. The 250 mm "Cellulite" accomplished the same task as a 600mm void. Shortly after being commissioned into the Regia Marina, the Littorio was badly damaged by the British in the raid on Taranto in November 1940. [1] France, which was given parity with Italy, also possessed 70,000 tons of capital ship tonnage. Littorio and her sister Vittorio Veneto were built in response to the French battleships … The guns fired a 885 kg (1,951 lb) armor-piercing (AP) shell at a muzzle velocity of 870 meters per second (2,854 ft/s). Italian shell quality control was awful, leading to engagements where British sailors described shells landing hundreds of meters away on either side of the ship. [4] Protection and radius of action were sacrificed for speed and heavy armament, though the Italians did not value range, as they operated primarily in the confined waters of the Mediterranean. The Littorio class, also known as the Vittorio Veneto class, was a class of battleship of the Regia Marina, the Italian navy.The class was composed of four ships: Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero.Only the first three ships of the class were completed, however. They were Italy's first modern battleships, and the first 35,000 ton capital ships of any nation to be built under the terms of the Washington Naval Treaty. The fineness of the hull shape prevented the 3800 mm thickness from being maintained for the entire central citadel; the width of the drum was reduced significantly abreast of the main battery, down to 2,280 mm (90 in). She provided distant cover to another convoy on 3–6 January 1942. On 3 January 1942, Littorio was again tasked with convoy escort, in support of M 43. Roma's displacement increased slightly as compared to the other ships, to 40,992 t (40,345 long tons; 45,186 short tons) and 45,485 t (44,767 long tons; 50,139 short tons), respectively. She was in Taranto harbor during the Battle of Taranto on 11 November, during which she received three torpedo hits, which caused extensive damage requiring five months repairs. There, she replaced Littorio as the fleet flagship. The torpedo struck her starboard bow, though she returned to port. Both countries rejected British proposals to limit new battleship designs to 25,000 long tons (25,000 t) and 305 mm (12.0 in) guns. [15], The ships' propulsion system consisted of four Belluzzo geared steam turbines powered by eight oil-fired Yarrow boilers. [40] Vittorio Veneto, however, emerged from the attack undamaged. [16] The Re.2000 fighter was a wheeled aircraft and had to land on an airfield. [13] These guns fired a 50 kg (110 lb) AP shell at a muzzle velocity of 910 m/s (2,986 ft/s). 15 in Italian battleship Littorio at La Spezia, early summer 1943. During the engagement, she badly damaged the destroyers Havock and Kingston. [4] Funding was not allocated to begin construction, however, as the Italian Navy did not want to instigate an arms race with the French Navy. The lower two levels had 250 mm (9.8 in) and 200 mm (7.9 in) respectively, all mounted on 10 mm (0.39 in) plating. See more ideas about battleship, warship, navy ships. Trumpeter 1/350 RN Vittorio Veneto Italian Navy Battleship 1940 Plastic Model Kit. Qty. During this attack Italia was hit on the starboard side underneath her fore main turrets, while its sister ship, the Italian flagship Roma, was sunk after it was struck by two bombs. After repairs, Littorio participated in the attack of the Allied convoy Albert on 27 September 1941. The third ship of the Littorio class, Roma displaced 42,000 tons, could make 32 knots, and carried nine She was assigned to the distant covering force for the convoy M 42, which was bound for North Africa, carrying supplies for Rommel's Afrika Korps. The armor scheme was nothing special, and … Regardless, the Soviet Navy did not use the U.P. Her sister Vittorio Veneto was laid down the same day. The largest class of Italian warships, she was basically an upscaled Littorio when it came to hull design. Both countries were put under significant pressure from the other signatories to use their allotted tonnage to build smaller battleships with reduced caliber main batteries. The Battleship Littorio-class-page contains all related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this ship. Able to elevate to 32 degrees, they fired a 29.3 kg (65 lb) semi-fixed round out to an effective range of 5,000 m (16,400 ft). While returning to port, Littorio was hit by a bomb from an American B-24 Liberator heavy bomber; the bomb struck the forward gun turret, though it did minimal damage. Nevertheless, Italia and Vittorio Veneto reached Malta and were interned. More about the Battleship Littorio-class battleship. May 12, 2018 - Italian Navy ships, Vittorio Veneto, Caio Duilio and Giulio Cesare search for the British fleet in Operation Hats, August - September 1940. One hit Italia in the bow forward the main battery turrets, causing serious damage. The incomplete Impero was seized by the Germans after Italy withdrew from the war and used as a target, until she was sunk by American bombers in 1945. [15] The ships carried 4,140 t (4,070 long tons; 4,560 short tons) of fuel oil, which enabled a maximum range of 4,580 nautical miles (8,480 km; 5,270 mi) at a cruising speed of 16 kn (30 km/h; 18 mph). Littorio was the victim of several Allied aerial attacks throughout her career, the worst of which was the British air raid on the Italian fleet at Taranto on 11 November 1940, which put her out of action until the following March. Repairs were completed and on 12 December, both ships were moved from Taranto to La Spezia in response to the Allied landings in North Africa. [8] The 406 mm gun in turn was abandoned in favor of the 381 mm gun because there were no designs for the larger gun, which would delay construction; a 381 mm gun had already been designed for the canceled Francesco Caracciolo class. Littorio took part in several operational sorties, most of which failed to result in any action, the notable exception being the Second Battle of Sirte, where she damaged several British warships. The two ships were repeatedly torpedoed throughout their careers: Littorio was hit by a torpedo during the attack on Taranto in November 1940 and again in June 1942; Vittorio Veneto was torpedoed during the Battle of Cape Matapan in March 1941 and while escorting a convoy to North Africa in September 1941. The class was composed of four ships—Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero—but only the first three ships of the class were completed. [14] The hull space above the citadel was an armored casemate with 70 mm (2.8 in) plating. They returned to port without encountering any British forces, however. Built between 1934 and 1942, they were the most modern battleships used by Italy during World War II. In comparison, the French. The British squadron was in fact Force H, steaming to bombard Genoa. The Italian Navy pushed to modernize and enlarge the existing shipyards in Spain, so that they could handle a vessel as large as the Littorio class. Vittorio Veneto was launched on 22 July 1937, with Littorio following exactly one month later on 22 August. They were developed in response to the French Dunkerque-classbattleships, and were armed with 381-milli… 1/1800th scale Littorio-class battleship model. She was delivered to the Italian Navy in Trieste, still incomplete, some six months later on 28 April 1940. Regia Marina - Italian Battleships Littorio Class - Tribute [46] Shortly thereafter, on 13 December, Littorio escorted another convoy to North Africa. [34], The keels for Vittorio Veneto and Littorio were laid on the same day, 28 October 1934, at the Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico shipyard in Trieste and the Ansaldo shipyard in Genoa, respectively. Overall, they served predominately in the Mediterranean, making rare Atlantic sorties. Impero was the fourth Littorio-class battleship, named after the Italian word for “empire”, recalling not the Roman Empire dear to Mussolini but the newly conquered Italian Empire in East Africa after the Second Italo-Abyssinian War. Description . [14] The entire machinery system accounted for about 5.6 percent of the total displacement. Garzke, William H.; Dulin, Robert O. [13] On sea trials, both Littorio and Vittorio Veneto exceeded the design specifications for their power plant. [9] Ultimately, nine 381 mm guns in three triple turrets were adopted as the primary battery for the ships, on a displacement in excess of 40,000 long tons (41,000 t),[10] despite the fact that this violated the established naval treaties. Littorio and Vittorio Veneto were 224.05 meters (735.1 ft) long between perpendiculars and 237.76 m (780.1 ft) long overall, while Roma and Impero were 240.68 m (789.6 ft) long overall. Nov 15, 2019 - Explore Sam Stewart's board "Italian battleships" on Pinterest. [17], Littorio's design speed was 29 kn (33 mph; 54 km/h) at full-load. Built between 1934 and 1942, they were the most modern battleships used by Italy during World War II. [41] In February, Vittorio Veneto, Andrea Doria and Giulio Cesare attempted to attack what was believed to be a Malta convoy. 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